Mars touchdown: NASA’s Perseverance sends spectacular new color photos, Science Information
NASA on Friday launched spectacular new photos from its Mars mission, which noticed the profitable touchdown of the rover Perseverance. New photos are colored versus black and white ones despatched by the rover earlier. New photos additionally embody the one taken when the rover was being lowered on the floor of Mars. Such a picture has been captured for the primary time.
The high-resolution nonetheless was extracted from a video taken by the descent stage of the spacecraft that had transported the rover from Earth.
At that second, the descent stage was utilizing its six-engined jetpack to gradual to a velocity of about 1.7 miles (2.7 kilometers) per hour as a part of the “skycrane maneuver,” the ultimate section of touchdown.
“You may see the mud kicked up by the rover’s engines,” stated Adam Steltzner, Perseverance’s chief engineer, who estimated the shot was taken about two meters (six ft) or so above the bottom.
The three straight strains are mechanical bridles holding the rover beneath the descent stage, whereas the curly cable was used to transmit the info from the cameras to Perseverance.
Because the rover touched down on the floor, it reduce the 21-foot-long cables tugs permitting the descent stage to fly away for its personal touchdown.
One other new picture, taken by the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, captures Perseverance because it was parachuting down by the environment at tons of of miles an hour.
Jezero crator the place Perseverance has landed has a river and deep lake existed billions of years in the past.
A second color picture reveals one of many rover’s six wheels, with a number of honeycombed rocks regarded as greater than 3.6 billion years previous mendacity subsequent to it.
“One of many questions we’ll ask first is whether or not these rocks symbolize a volcanic or sedimentary origin,” stated NASA deputy undertaking scientist Katie Stack Morgan.
Volcanic rocks specifically could be dated with very excessive precision as soon as the samples are introduced again to Earth on a future return mission — an thrilling improvement from a planetary science perspective.
As the primary photos got here in, “it was exhilarating, the workforce went wild,” stated mission operations system supervisor Pauline Hwang.
Take a look at | NASA’s Perseverance rover beams first photos from Martian floor
“The science workforce instantly began all these rocks and zooming in and going, ‘What’s that!’ — it could not have been higher.”
The primary two photos had been launched on Thursday shortly after the rover landed, however they had been decrease decision and in black-and-white due to the restricted information charge obtainable.
NASA hopes to have extra excessive decision photographs and movies within the coming days, however would not know but if it has efficiently recorded sound on Mars for the primary time utilizing microphones.
That is likely to be recognized later this weekend or early subsequent week, stated Steltzner.
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